Viewers will witness the interplay of personalities and events that led to the Protestant Reformation. From Luther's inner struggles of conscience and faith to his call for debate with the Pope to his scathing rebuke of erroneous church practice, this installment examines the semi-scriptural and oft-times unethical teachings and doctrines of the late Medieval Church and how Luther addressed them. From purgatory, penance, and indulgences to the treasury of merits of Christ, Masses for the dead, and the institution of the Papacy, Luther-and other like-minded reformers-had a misinformation overload on their hands. A cast of scholars and professional church workers share their expertise on the cultural and religious milieu in which Luther operated. A discussion guide, complete with numerous Internet links and helpful questions, assists viewers toward a deeper understanding of this critical period in the life of Christ's church on earth. A supplementary text, The Reformation Twelve, gives viewers a look at the prominent figures who shared the religious stage in early 16th-century Europe.